Leibovitz (1949- )
Born in Westport, Connecticut, Leibovitz received a bachelor of fine arts degree from the San Francisco Art Institute in 1971. She subsequently continued her studies with photographer Ralph Gibson. In 1969 she lived on a kibbutz in Israel and participated in an archaeological dig at the site of King Solomon's temple. From 1970 to 1983 she was a freelance photographer and the chief photographer for Rolling Stone magazine, and in 1975 she served as a concert-tour photographer for The Rolling Stones band. She has been a contributing photographer for Vanity Fair magazine since 1983, and in the early 1990s she founded the Annie Leibovitz Studio in New York City.
Like portrait photographer Arnold Newman, Leibovitz has contrived in her work to emphasize some aspect of each subject's public persona. Using the whole of the subject's body, typically captured in the midst of physical action, Leibovitz achieves her effects without apparent artificiality and with a flairoften outrageousthat sets her work apart from that of other portrait artists. Leibovitz's advertising work, to which she brings a similar freshness and drama, has attracted many important clients.
Three of Leibovitz's exhibitions have toured the United States and Europe. Two were organized by the Sidney Janis Gallery (1983-1985 and 1986-1989), and the National Portrait Gallery (Washington, D.C.) honored her in 1991 with a retrospective that subsequently toured the United States, Europe, and Asia. Her awards include the American Society of Magazine Photographers (ASMP) Photographer of the Year Award (1984); the ASMP Innovation in Photography Award (1987); the Clio Award and the Campaign of the Decade Award from Advertising Age magazine (1987); and the Infinity Award for applied photography from the International Center for Photography (1990).